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305 Views· 14 June 2024

THE GARDENS OF KYOTO JAPAN 京都の日本庭園15選

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Daniel Chyi
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Kyoto, Japan, is renowned for its exquisite gardens that blend natural beauty with meticulous design, embodying centuries of tradition and cultural significance. Here are 15 of the most iconic Japanese gardens in Kyoto, each offering a unique glimpse into the art of Japanese landscaping.

#### 1. **Kinkaku-ji (The Golden Pavilion)**
- **Description**: The garden surrounding the Golden Pavilion is a classic example of a Japanese strolling garden. The reflective pond, meticulously maintained trees, and the golden structure itself create a serene and majestic atmosphere.
- **Highlight**: The pavilion's reflection in the pond, especially stunning during autumn and winter.

#### 2. **Ryoan-ji**
- **Description**: Famous for its rock garden (karesansui), Ryoan-ji features 15 stones arranged on a bed of white gravel. This Zen garden emphasizes simplicity and meditation.
- **Highlight**: The minimalist rock garden, where no matter where you stand, one stone is always hidden from view.

#### 3. **Ginkaku-ji (The Silver Pavilion)**
- **Description**: Although not actually covered in silver, Ginkaku-ji is known for its beautiful moss garden and the sand garden, known as the "Sea of Silver Sand."
- **Highlight**: The meticulously raked sand garden and the view of the pavilion with its lush surroundings.

#### 4. **Kiyomizu-dera**
- **Description**: Perched on a hillside, Kiyomizu-dera offers stunning views of Kyoto. The temple's gardens include waterfalls, ponds, and seasonal flowers.
- **Highlight**: The panoramic view of Kyoto and the cherry blossoms in spring.

#### 5. **Nanzen-ji**
- **Description**: This Zen temple features several gardens, including a rock garden and a strolling garden with a large pond.
- **Highlight**: The Sanmon gate and the beautiful autumn foliage.

#### 6. **Tofuku-ji**
- **Description**: Tofuku-ji's gardens are renowned for their autumn colors. The Tsutenkyo Bridge provides breathtaking views of the maple trees.
- **Highlight**: The vibrant autumn leaves viewed from the bridge.

#### 7. **Saiho-ji (Koke-dera)**
- **Description**: Also known as the Moss Temple, Saiho-ji is famous for its extensive moss garden, which features over 120 varieties of moss.
- **Highlight**: The lush, green carpet of moss surrounding the ponds and trees.

#### 8. **Tenryu-ji**
- **Description**: This UNESCO World Heritage site boasts a beautiful strolling garden designed by Muso Soseki, with a central pond reflecting the surrounding mountains.
- **Highlight**: The scenic views of the Arashiyama mountains.

#### 9. **Daitoku-ji**
- **Description**: A large temple complex with several sub-temples, each featuring its own unique garden. Notable gardens include those at Daisen-in and Ryogen-in.
- **Highlight**: The dry landscape gardens, especially the "checkered" rock garden of Daisen-in.

#### 10. **Shugakuin Imperial Villa**
- **Description**: This villa features expansive strolling gardens with beautiful ponds, pavilions, and meticulously maintained landscapes.
- **Highlight**: The stunning views of the gardens from the villa's elevated positions.

#### 11. **Nijo Castle**
- **Description**: The gardens of Nijo Castle, including the Ninomaru Garden, are classic examples of Japanese landscape architecture with ponds, islands, and carefully arranged rocks.
- **Highlight**: The tranquil pond garden and the seasonal changes in foliage.

#### 12. **Heian Shrine**
- **Description**: The gardens of Heian Shrine are known for their weeping cherry trees and large pond. The stepping stones across the pond offer a playful element to the serene environment.
- **Highlight**: The spring cherry blossoms and the stepping stones.

#### 13. **Rurikoin**
- **Description**: A relatively lesser-known gem, Rurikoin is famous for its vibrant autumn colors reflected in the polished floors of the temple.
- **Highlight**: The reflection of the garden in the temple's floors during autumn.

#### 14. **Murinan**
- **Description**: A modern garden designed by Ogawa Jihei, Murinan features a peaceful pond and meandering streams, creating a naturalistic landscape.
- **Highlight**: The serene pond and the carefully planned, natural flow of water.

#### 15. **Byodo-in**
- **Description**: Located in Uji, just outside of Kyoto, Byodo-in’s garden complements its famous Phoenix Hall. The Pure Land-style garden is designed to represent the Buddhist paradise.
- **Highlight**: The Phoenix Hall reflected in the pond, especially picturesque during spring and autumn.

### Conclusion

Kyoto's gardens are a testament to Japan's rich cultural heritage and mastery of landscape design. Each garden offers a unique experience, from the meditative rock gardens of Ryoan-ji to the lush moss gardens of Saiho-ji. Whether you're seeking tranquility, inspiration, or a deeper connection with nature, Kyoto's gardens provide an unparalleled glimpse into the beauty and artistry of Japanese gardening.

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